Software Equity Group, an M&A advisory firm specialising in software and SaaS companies, have released their latest annual report on M&A activity in the software industry, with data on exits and subsequent revenue multiples of SaaS companies.
The report contained interesting insight into the exits of SaaS companies, which SEG analysed separately to companies based on a licensed-software business model.
It found that the number of M&A deals involving SaaS reached 989 in 2018 – up 19% from 2017 – confirming a recent trend of a yearly 20% increase since 2010.
When comparing different software categories by the number of M&A deals, the Top 5 were:
- CRM & Marketing: 159 deals
- Analytics & Business Intelligence / GRC: 137 deals
- HR & Talent Management: 102 deals
- Content/Document Management: 87 deals
- Enterprise Resource Planning: 73 deals
CRM led the pack with 159 deals, followed by Analytics & Business Intelligence / Governance, Risk and Compliance and HR & Talent Management, ultimately showing the undisputed popularity of SaaS companies operating in the professional services sector.
Perhaps the most interesting metric observed by SEG is the median trailing-twelve-months (TTM) revenue multiple. For the SaaS
- eCommerce Enablement Software: 8.8x
- Data Management & Integration: 6.0x
- Analytics & BI / GRC: 5.6x
- Engineering & PLM: 5.3x
- Security: 5.0x
- Enterprise Resource Planning: 4.9x
- Billing & Service Provisioning: 4.5x
- Content/Document Management: 4.3x
- Supply Chain Management: 3.8x
- CRM & Marketing: 3.4x
It is interesting to see how CRM & Marketing – the category with the highest number of deals – has the lowest TTM revenue multiple. This might well be a direct result of the supply/demand curve of this category, something that has boomed in recent years with a high number of new companies entering the market space.
At the other end of the curve, the eCommerce Enablement Software category boasts a median TTM revenue multiple of 8.8x, being a market space dominated by
It’s worth remarking that a typical pattern for revenue multiples is that SaaS targets with higher revenues are ‘rewarded’ with higher multiples in M&A deals. This trend was confirmed by 2018 data: companies with over $100m in revenue were valued with a median multiple of 5x their TTM revenue, while those with income below $10m had a median TTM revenue multiple of 3.6x.
The typical buyer
42% of M&A deals involving SaaS in 2018 were vertically focused, up by 11% from 2017. The top sectors looking to leverage
In a sharp increase from 47% the previous year, 2018 saw a combined 56% of M&A deals led by Private Equity firms (16%) and strategic buyers backed by Private Equity (40%). Publicly-traded strategic buyers participated in 35% of the 2018 deals, with some high-profile top players like Microsoft, Adobe, Oracle and Salesforce being very active throughout the year. Private strategic buyers only accounted for 9% of M&A transactions, less than half of 2017.
The typical target
About half of the M&A transactions analysed had a company with up to 50 employees as a target, underlining a strong buyer appetite for SMEs. A further 26% of acquired companies had between 50 and 200 employees, and the remaining 24% of targets had more than 200 employees.
The vast majority (65%) of the acquisition targets were companies incorporated 10 or more years ago. These are likely to have started with a different business model, switching to SaaS at some point along the way. 28% of targets were between 4 and 8 years old, while only 8% were considered as ‘early exits’, being less than 3 years old.
Finally, in looking at the geographical results the report showed that